What is a Transfer Agent & Best in Industry RTA Agent
TOPICS : Business
We are sure that you heard about transfer agents at least once but you don’t know who we are and what we do. But today we are going to engrave each and every single detail of the Transfer Agent. A Registrar & Transfer Agent (RTA) is a trusted company, bank, or a similar institution assigned by a corporation to maintain the financial records of investors and track their account balance. Basically a transfer agent manages, keeps, and updates details of registered shareholders for companies that issue stock.A transfer agent needs to be well up-to-date with the guidelines and complexities of SEC rulings and state regulation applicable to trading and tracking securities. Normally Transfer agents helps companies to follow all these rules and regulations and continue their activities without any problem. A transfer agent keeps corporations and investors updated with the regulation and changes, they also help corporate bodies and investors to do changes accordingly. Transfer agents also provide their suggestions and details of opportunities to both.To understand our working properly you also have to understand the difference between Registered shareholders and Beneficial shareholders. Registered shareholders Individuals or entities who purchased stocks or were issued stocks directly from the companies are known as Registered Shareholders. Each of them gets enlisted as “shareholders of record” on the company’s record. And these records are maintained and managed by the transfer agent. Transfer agents maintain records, contact details, purchase or issuance, dividend payments, and sale or transfer of shares. Beneficial shareholders These actually own the financial value and benefits of their shares but these shares are actually registered under a “street name” instead of the holder's name and held by middlemen such as brokers or dealers. Most of the investors come into this category. By default, they are non-objecting beneficial owners (NOBO), and their name, share position, and address are shared with those companies in which they’ve invested in. Beneficial shareholders have to opt-out becoming an objecting beneficial owner (OBO) to have their information withheld.
Rules & Regulations
Registered vs. Beneficial Shareholders
Responsibilities of Transfer AgentsTransfer agents provide a number of solutions under various services for companies as well as investors. A Registrar and transfer agent normally takes care of Investor’s personal data updation, record-keeping, payout dividends, etc. tasks. Maintaining Records Maintaining and managing records for their clients is one of the core responsibilities of a transfer agent. Basically, they have to maintain the records of all registered shares as well as shareholders. We are also responsible for ensuring that dividends and distributions get the right person in the right place. They also have to keep all the information current and well organized. Payments & Reporting As we stated above Transfer agents also make a dividend payment to registered shareholders and report the income to the IRS in the due period in every tax session. Transfer agents also help corporations with some specific actions such as mergers, acquisition & spin-offs, and to act as Inspectors of Election at annual meetings. IPO Services When a Private company plans to go public then they hire a transfer agent to issue share during their IPO. Here IPO stands for Initial Public Offering. They hire them on a priority basis before taking any other decision that leads to the IPO. It ensures the long life of their company. Transfer agents actually make all arrangements so that the IPO can run smoothly.
What to Look for in a Transfer AgentThe basic need of any company is that the Registrar and Transfer Agent should respond as quickly as possible and treat shareholders with respect. Normally Corporations and other houses hire transfer agents that have the following qualities.
- Securities and Exchange Board of India Authorized
- Client and shareholder satisfaction ratings
- Data security
- Innovative technology functionality
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